Does changing a URL affect SEO performance of a website? In a word, yes.
In fact, a change in URLs is listed as one of the top ways to ruin your website if performed incorrectly.
Changing your URL will undo all your SEO work, trigger your website to plummet in ranking and search traffic. If you’re considering changing URL SEO, beware.
What You’ll Learn:
- How changing URLs can affect your SEO ranking
- How changing URLs can affect referring traffic
- If you do decide to change URLs:
The SEO impact of changing URLs can be severe.
You open yourself to receive 404 errors and broken links, making it impossible for Google to properly index your site.
Loss of SEO Ranking
Simple changes to your URL, such as changing domain, adding or removing punctuation or adjusting capitalization in your directory can have serious implications on your SEO.
When moving to a new domain, you need to understand the new domain’s history. If the history includes penalties or spam, you’re going to experience a serious drop in traffic. Plus, you run the risk of duplicate content and messy redirects.
Changing URL doesn’t only include a domain name change. Adding or removing punctuation, changing capitalization in your slugs and directory, and making other changes count as changing URL structure in SEO terms.
Common reasons for changing URL include:
- New company name
- Restructuring or major overhauls
- Developing a new website
- Damage to your domain reputation or security concerns
No matter the reason for wanting to change, even when performed correctly, it will likely result in a drop in traffic while Google indexes the changes.
Loss of Referring Site Traffic
Hopefully, you’ve built a healthy link portfolio with plenty of referring site traffic.
But, if you plan to move your site or change website URL, you just might end up losing the referring traffic that you’ve worked so hard to build.
URLs and SEO are closely tied. Google ranks SEO largely based on links to and from your site, and changing URLs may cause the referring links to lead website visitors to error pages. These broken links are going to hurt your referring traffic and your site’s domain authority.
Email Clicks Go to Dead URLs
Making a change to the URL doesn’t only hurt SEO but can negatively impact your email marketing campaigns.
Email subscribers may click on a link that sends them to a dead URL. Without the proper redirects, broken links will flood your subscribers’ inboxes, causing your email clicks and subscriber base to drop.
This also increases the risk of your email reputation being compromised and your future campaigns ending up in spam filters.
Deciding to Change URLs
Prior to making the choice to change website URL, you need to weigh your decision heavily carefully.
URLs are the lifeblood of SEO. Even one broken link can wreak havoc for your website. You should only change URLs when it’s 100 percent necessary. Ask yourself whether or not you’re ready to experience an estimated 25 percent loss in your traffic while you wait for redirects to properly kick in?
You may think that a temporary drop in traffic will be better in the long run in terms of SEO, but in 2013, Google’s John Mueller stated that he doesn’t recommend anyone change URLs for SEO reasons. Only change your URLs if it’s necessary.
If you’re going to do a significant overhaul of your entire website or move to a new site, it may make sense to change your URL. Only change your URLs if you need to permanently redirect.
Dynamic and static URLs are a large contributing factor for many when making the choice.
Google admits that static URLs may have a slight advantage in terms of click-through rates, while dynamic URLs are favored over hiding parameters to make them look static.
Google has made progress in both areas and despite what many believe, dynamic URLs can be crawled by Google. Google recommends avoiding rewriting dynamic URLs unless you’re removing unnecessary parameters or parameters that can cause issues down the road.
Only Use 301 Redirects
Google recommends using 301 redirects if you need to change website URLs. Using a 301 redirect will prevent links or indexing errors.
A 301 redirect is appropriate if you want a seamless transition to move an old site to a new domain. They are also appropriate if you want people to be able to access your website through multiple URLs or if you’re doing a full site overall and want to merge websites and ensure outdated URLs are redirected to the new website.
Also, a small side note: Don’t do a rel canonical from https to http, and leave the https live, especially if your website doesn’t work on https. That will be very bad for conversion rate optimization (CRO).
Before you begin, create a redirect strategy to preserve your site’s traffic and link quality. This will help your new URL inherit the old URL’s link authority, rather than having to earn it from scratch. This allows the old links to be de-indexed over time.
Overall, a link strategy will minimize the amount of time your organic search will suffer before returning to normal. Plus, it will ensure all necessary steps have been taken to reduce any broken links or loss of referral traffic.
Check Your URLs
Before your work is done, you need to use tools such as Screaming Frog to check for any errors to determine how your new links will perform.
These kinds of tools act as spiders that crawl your site, and will analyze and audit your site to review for any missed redirects or duplicate page issues. You’re able to review and resolve any onsite issues that may hurt your SEO efforts before they become a problem.
URLs and redirects are tedious and often misunderstood.
Changing URLs may seem like a good idea, but you need to consider how it will hurt or help your bottom line.
When considering site redesigns and platform changes, fully evaluate the risks and benefits involved as to how URL structural changes will affect SEO. Don’t take the decision lightly as your URLs are the very life source to your website’s viability.
When you’re mapping your changes, remember:
- Only use 301 redirects with a URL to URL redirect for every page you’re going to keep.
- Update all on-page links to accommodate the change, avoiding chain redirects.
- Create a new XML sitemap and submit it to Google.
- If you’re moving an old site to a new site, leave the old site map up temporarily.
- Check your work with an SEO spider tool.